Lord Mahavir, the 24th Tirthankara of Jainism, was born in 599 BCE in Bihar on the Shukla Paksha of Chaitra month to Maharaja Siddhartha and Maharani Trishala of Lichchivi dynasty. The name of Lord Mahavir’s childhood was Vardhaman. After his birth, the state was progressing quadrupled day and night. Due to which he was named Vardhaman. The festival of Mahavir Jayanti is celebrated by Jain followers all over the world. According to Jain texts, Lord Mahavira was born 188 years after the 23rd Tirthankara Parshvanath ji attained nirvana (salvation). Ahimsa Paramo Dharma: That is, non-violence is paramount from all religions. He gave this message to the whole world and guided the world. First he himself adopted the path of non-violence and then inspired others to adopt it. The basic mantra of ‘live and let live’ is given by them.
Validations related to Vardhaman Mahaveer
Followers of Jainism believe that Vardhaman conquered his senses by performing rigorous tenures of 12 years. Due to which he was called Jin, was called the winner. His tenacity was not less than any might. Due to this, he was addressed by the name Mahavir and the people walking his path are called Jains. Jain means those whose followers. Jainism means the religion converted by After taking initiation, Lord Mahavir embraced the difficult Digambara Charya and remained naked. However, according to the Svetambara sect, Mahavira remained naked after leaving for some time after initiation and he attained knowledge only in the Digambara state. It is believed that Lord Mahavira remained silent during his entire Sadhana period.
Five Principles of Mahavir ji
After attaining salvation, Lord Mahavira showed five principles that lead to prosperous life and inner peace. These include – Ahimsa, Satya, Astey, Brahmacharya and the last fifth principle, Aparigraha.
The first principle is non-violence, according to this principle, Jains should stay away from violence under any circumstances. Do not hurt anyone even by mistake.
The second principle is truth, Lord Mahavira says, O man! You consider truth as the true element. The one who lives in wise truth, swims and transcends death. People should always speak the truth.
The third principle is Asteya, those who follow Asteya do not accept anything according to their mind, they live in moderation and only take what is given to them.
The fourth principle is celibacy, this principle requires the Jains to demonstrate the virtues of purity; Due to which they do not participate in erotic activities.
The fifth last principle is aparigraha, this education combines all the previous principles. By following Aparigraha, the consciousness of the Jains awakens and they renounce the objects of worldly and enjoyment.
Mahavir Jayanti Festival Activities
Followers of Jainism take part in many such activities which allow them to connect with their family members and remember Lord Mahavira. On this day people wash Mahavirji’s idol with water and fragrant oils. It is a symbol of Mahavira’s purity. It also serves the practical purposes of washing beautiful religious idols that are regularly worshiped. The procession of the statue of Lord Mahavir is carried out by the Jains. During this, Jain monks carry a statue of Lord Mahavir everywhere on a chariot. They convey the essence of life told by them to the people.
During Mahavir Jayanti, people from all over the world visit the Jain temples of India. Apart from visiting temples, people also visit archaic places related to Mahavir and Jainism. Gomateshwar, Dilwara, Ranakpur, Sonagiri and Shikhar ji are some of the most popular places of Jainism. Mahavir Jayanti is celebrated to commemorate the birth of Lord Mahavir and the establishment of Jainism.