|Iran-United States Relations|
There has been no formal diplomatic relationship between Iran and the United States since 1980. Pakistan serves as Iran’s defense power in the United States, while Switzerland serves as the defense power of the United States in Iran. Contact is made through the Iranian interests section of the Pakistani embassy in Washington, D.C., and through the U.S. interests section of the Swiss embassy in Tehran. As of 2018, Iran’s supreme leader Ali Khamenei has banned direct negotiations with the United States.
Relations between the two countries began in the late nineteenth century, when Iran was known in the West as Persia. Initially, when Iran was very wary of British and Russian colonial interests (selfishness) during The Great Game, it saw the United States as a more dependable foreign power, and Americans like Arthur Milspaw and Morgan Shuster at the time. Treasurer-head was also appointed by K. Shahs. During World War II, Iran was attacked by the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union, both of these countries being American allies; Never the less relations remained positive for many years after the war, until Mohammed Mossadeg’s government was over thrown by the Central Intelligence Agency with MI6 assistance in its last days. This was followed by an era of very close alliance and friendship between Shah Mohammed Raza Pahlavi’s regime and the US government, which ended with dramatic reversal and disagreement between the two countries after the 1979 Iranian Revolution. At that time, Iran was one of the closest allies of the United States.
Different reasons are cited for the cooling of the relationship. Iranian explanations cover everything from calling the Islamic revolution a natural and inevitable conflict to perceived American arrogance and a desire for global hegemony. Other interpretations state that the Iranian government needed an outsider (bogeyman) , Which presents an excuse for domestic repression against pro-democracy forces and can bind the government with its loyal people.
Since 1995, the United States had banned trade with Iran. In 2015, the United States led successful negotiations for a nuclear agreement (Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action) aimed at ending Iran’s nuclear weapons capabilities, and when Iran complied in 2016, Sanctions were lifted from Iran. The Trump administration with drew from the nuclear deal and reimposed sanctions in 2018.
According to a 2013 BBC World Service poll, 5% of Americans viewed the Iranian influence positively, with 87% expressing a negative view, the most unfavorable perception of Iran in the world. On the other hand, research has shown that the majority of Iranians hold positive attitudes about the American people, but not about the US government. According to a 2019 poll by IranPol, 13% of Iranians have a favorable attitude towards the United States, while 86% express an unfavorable attitude. According to the 2018 Pew Poll, 39% of Americans say that limiting Iran’s power and influence should be foreign policy’s top priority. Relations improve when the goals of both countries overlap, such as the removal of Sunni militants.